Historical synopsis of the Periodical of the Commercio * Heraclitus Ney Suiter ** Gilbert Leather strap Considered as the oldest vehicle in circulation in the Latin America, established in 1 of October of 1827, the Periodical of the Commercio, with headquarters in Rio De Janeiro, she is an alive witness of the main facts that had been notice in our country. The periodic one is without shade of doubts one of that it counted on the biggest number of great writers and journalists of the history of the Brazilian press. Its founder, the Frenchman Pierre Plancher, before if moving for Brazil was publisher in Paris of detached intellectual as Voltaire, Benjamin Constant and Rebecque. At the time one was detached master in graphical arts and its migration for our country if had for the fact of that it was not fit in the effective regimen of the time, the Restoration under the government of Luiz XVIII, arriving in port in Brazilian lands in 1824. Bringing in the luggage modern equipment and some specialized laborers, at the time what of more modern printed matter existed in the vehicle area, it first established Brazilian the Spectador periodical, that circulated until day 23 of May of 1827 and in five months after its first one taken over on a contract basis established the Periodical of the Commercio, in circulation until the current days.
The periodic one had as initial publishing line, relative publications the economy as market prices, maritime notice (base of the exportations and importation of that time). Passed some time the printed matter started to also approach subjects as politics, a period after-independence marked for inquietantes subjects of the new regimen Brazilian politician. The main reason that took Plancher to change the publishing line of its periodical was that regent D.