Paul Thompson is reference for this study that if worries in bringing to tona those that they were part of the gamma of excluded and that they complained its place in history. The city lived intensely as scene the revolutions of 1930 and 1932, with bloody combats and some booties in the local commerce facilitated by the escape of the population for the agricultural zone and closed bushes, during the authoritarian government of Getlio Vargas. This initiated its ascension politics passing for the small city of Ribeira. In the period of the Military dictatorship, from 1964, Ribeira was also place of ticket of guerrillas. In the souvenirs of the inhabitants oldest of Ribeira it appears the figure of Carlos Lamarca, hidden of the repression in the region, passed for some quarters as Bar of the Sanded one, Santa Cruz and Cavinas, come to continue its walked by the Valley of the Ribeira.
The presence of Lamarca not only left deep marks in Ribeira as in all region, reaching the city of Itapeva. Some tell with certain fear, others are proud of the courageous guerrilla. Of this form, to reconstitute the history of Ribeira in them takes the Thompson. It will be mainly of the souvenir of that they had witnessed very of the cited facts that we will go to reconstitute the rich history of small city. Exactly that you go to take the handle only one personal project of verbal history, valley the penalty to think on the sequence of the topics of the interviews and on the fraseado one of the questions.
The strategy of the interview is not responsibility of the informer, but its. (THOMPSON, 1998, P. 262). In this research we will go to support our theoretical recitals in verbal history from two authors Paul Thompson and Verena Alberti. Verbal history developed after World War II initially, having as great landmark the creation of the first formal project of verbal history, in the University of Columbia, New York (GRELE, 2001).