After the fall of the Viceroyalty of Mendoza has joined the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata. Between 1814 and 1817 in Mendoza was preparing to cross the Andes General Jose de San Martin, who was named governor-intendant province of Cuyo. March 1, 1820 Mendoza, San Luis and San Juan ceased to exist and quartermaster Cuyo provinces declared themselves independent. After the fall of Juan Manuel de Rosas was approved constitutional province of Mendoza, and she joined the Argentine Federation. In the second half of the XIX century, Charles Darwin conducted research in Mendoza and its environs during his world tour. At the end of the XIX century. Mendoza arrived in a large number of immigrants, especially Italians, Spaniards, Arabs, Jews. Much of the city was destroyed by March 20, 1861 during the most devastating earthquake in the history of Argentina.
Therefore, the new town was built a kilometer away from the original place of foundation of Mendoza. After the seismic hazard in the city is forbidden to erect buildings over 16 floors. All space under construction is used, so the city’s population is almost no growth since 1991, but is developing its agglomeration – Great Mendoza. Education March 21, 1939 by the Government of Argentina in Mendoza was founded by the National University of Cuyo (Spanish Universidad Nacional de Cuyo). For 2005, the university had an enrollment of 37,900 students and 4071 teachers employed.
The university consists of the following departments: Faculty of Arts and dizaynFakultet economic and sociological naukFakultet meditsinyFakultet Political naukFakultet pravFakultet filosofiiFakultet inzheneriiFakultet odontologiiFakultet working with people with special potrebnostyamiFakultet agronomiiFakultet Applied Sciences (located in San Rafael) Balseyro Institute (located in the city of Bariloche) 7 kolledzheyTransport In the city of Mendoza is a public transportation: vans – the most popular transportatrolleybusy – working with the late 1970s by the Russian, Japanese, Canadian and German mashinamituristicheskie trams (Spanish Tranvia de compras) metrotramvay – consists of 16 stations, work on the construction began in 2009, is scheduled to open in 2011. In the city of Mendoza and Santa Rosa de Los Andes from April 5, 1910 passed an important railway corridor from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean – an iron Transandiyska road. In the late 1970s, the railway passenger service ceased, and in 1980 ceased to function altogether. 2006 was proposed revitalization project of historical railroad, but he was recognized as unprofitable. In May, 2009 a new project to restore the railroad. Passes through the town the main road connecting Argentina and Chile, and many local roads. The climate of Mendoza moderate – continental. Present strong annual variations in temperature. Precipitation are negligible. Summers are warm and rainy, with temperatures above 25 C. Winter is cold and dry, with temperatures below 8 C and night frosts.