One of the causes why the vision of Durkheim on social life might seem exotic that did not set any difference between sociology and anthropology. He used the term Ethnology to refer to empirical description of societies courts, and they understood by sociological theoretical analysis of any company already outside the tribal or modern. Particularly interested in the task of inferring the laws of all societies through the study of tribal and non-Western societies. It considered that these communities were simpler and could reveal more easily the elementary forms of social life, but also because it exhibited no rational feelings and symbolism that are involved in the entire society with greater simplicity. The key of the scientific method consists of making comparisons, search conditions in which something happens and contrasted these with the conditions in which the phenomenon does not occur.

Durkheim was interested the generalization theoretical, not the empirical indicators per is. Such generalizations concerning indicators that are a science; the synthesis of different parts of the theory in as important with the method used for the systematic comparison. Anthropology interested him because it allowed him to show various structural conditions, to compare them with modern social forms. He stated that the basic content of Sociology could be historical kind, as only encompassing a very broad time portion and space may have enough comparative material to contemplate the conditions that determine structures of proportions so vast as the general form of society itself. Durkheim represents central sociological tradition because it made a distinctive science, endowed with its own legitimate generalizations of sociology. Auguste Comte coined the term sociology and envisioned the possibilities of this science; Durkheim developed some ideas of Comte and achieved the first success in the field of organizing the Sociology as an intellectual discipline. The enduring achievement of Durkheim came to the heart of a basic question of Sociology: what holds society together? This abstraction also unifies the sociology in lathe of the search for a general theory, and not only in a body of research about social problems or particular features of the story.