Selective collection is the separation of the materials recycle as papers, glasses, plastics and metals of the remain of the garbage. As much the selective collection as the recycling of residues is desirable solutions, for allowing the reduction of the volume of the garbage for final disposal. One of the programs of awareness for the practical one of reaproveitamento of materials is the use of 3RS: to reduce, to reuse and to recycle. Many authors to reduce mean to consume products with little packings, with bigger durability and to use the natural materials rationally. To reuse is to give a new use to the material. Something that served now for certain purpose and can be used with less and knowing what it is being consumed. To buy another end and finally the recycling that is in the truth the reaproveitamento of the material how much to the raw material. implantation of any program of garbage collection generates ambient, social benefits and politicians.

Beyond reducing the volume of the sanitary aterros and lixes, it also diminishes the ambient pollution, the expense of energy and the exhaustion of natural resources. It can, also, generate income for catadores, making possible to them better conditions of life and greater integration to the society. The management of the solid residues passes, unquestionably, for the awareness of the population in relation to the consumption standards, of the importance of the reutilizao of diverse materials and the practical one of the selective collection. The ambient education must be present and in accord with the public politics of reduction and destination of the garbage. CONCLUSION This article was come back toward a boarding of the ambient, ampler question and to interdisciplinar, coming back toward the problematic one of the garbage concerning the effect and the ambient problems that the same can cause the society in case that it is not managed correctly.