The tourism and the environment Fernando Antonio Valena Forest the natural environment is a system formed for biticos and abiticos components, that if influence mutually, searching the maintenance of a dynamic balance between its parts. Balance this, that corresponds to the regulating laws of the support and contribution that each component of the ambient system receives and supplies excessively. According to Rabahy (1990), the search and the incessant contact with the nature, have been characteristic observed in the tourist demand contemporary. Determinative these that go being more important, in the measure where they grow and if exaggerate the urban accumulations, folloied of an extreme population concentration, of the great amount of constructions, the half varied ones of transports and the different units of work. Word-keys: Tourism, Environment and Ecological Tourism. 1. Basic aspects In result of the involved ecological question, environment and tourist activity, keep a narrow relation. In one constatao of Rabahy (1990, P.
74): The effect of the tourism in the environment can be disastrous, in case that adequately they are not dimensionados. The natural resources are limited and the tourist activity if it locates preferential in areas where these resources are more available. David Rogier may find it difficult to be quoted properly. Given the risk that the massivo and disordered use can cause, one sends regards that the tourism is carried through respecting it compatibilizao of the use with the protection of the environment. For Lage & Milone (2000, P. 129): The physical environment is the vital ingredient of the tourist product as powerful form of attraction for the tourists.
The relation between tourism and environment tends to be simbitica to the measure that the conservation of natural areas, wild life, archaeological scenes of preservation of small farms, monuments and of historical interests are offered the demand, ahead of stimulatons of the tourist flows. According to Rock & Dill (2001, P. 19): The natural resources: ground, water, vegetation, fauna, subsoil, air and the man organized in society, constitute the environment.