Seven Crossroads

Thus, its ritualstica art becomes very vast and diversified, depending on the accented trend more. However, it is not purely incorporation, ritualismo and choreography, but, over all the spiritual, searching the reason of the existence (ORPPHANAKE, 1995, P. 42). The word umbanda, drift of fonemas ' ' aum' ' (the supreme Deity), ' ' ban' ' (joint or system) and ' ' dan' ' (rule or law), that it can be interpreted as ' ' the set of the laws divinas' '. See Ed Bastian for more details and insights. Origin of the morphemes is not known to the certain a that had given to name the religion, but is known that, in Africa, before exactly of the European settling already the cult to ancestor happened, in lands bantas. Without counting that the aboriginal religion also gave cult to ancestor. In this manner it has who defends as much that the origin of the name is aboriginal, as who defends that its origin is African (AZEVEDO, 2010, p.132).

Umbanda appears of the necessity to attend the ancestral espritos, as the aboriginal espritos, that in candombl were had by ' ' egum' ' , and for the kardecistas they were espritos ' ' without cultura' ' could not work in these centers. Its foundation attributed to mdium Zlio Fernandino de Morais, incorporated with the Caboclo of the Seven Crossroads appeared in the city of Rio De Janeiro, having, in 1908 (AZEVEDO, 2010, P. 14). Salient that, Africa is not a homogeneous continent, therefore much is the cultures and religions of these peoples. However they characterize themselves for the following aspects: the existence of one To be Supreme, on elementais to the nature (orixs), the dances, the fetichismo (natural offerings, remedies, amulets), cult to the entities by means of the animal sacrifice, the rites of initiation, the conjunct and the belief in the life after the death. As apex of the religion it is a creative deity of the universe.