Jose Maria Arguedas

According to the generalized critical opinion, it is the cultured bourgeoisie the one that undertakes the civilizadora way. As well, according to that same efficiency rating, the barbarism is represented by the politico-social layer of the different localities. Essentially by the peasantry. In the same order of ideas, the call indigenista novel was elaborated from the optics of the white man. Alcides Arguedas, in Bolivia, Jose Maria Arguedas and Ciro Joy, in Peru and Jorge Icaza, in Ecuador, plus others less, at the same time as they denounce the undertaken cruelty against the natives, they save the conquering ideal, like civilization ideal. Of another civilization. But at the same time, it has had to face, at diverse moments and diverse espacialidades, a direction that has wanted to impose the linguistic expression like independent manifestation, independent of the human fights.

Thus, the modernismo proposed, exception done of the Brazilian modernismo, the exotic images and musical quality like subject. At the same time, the evasion like methodology. The Chilean creacionismo, when proposing that the poet was a small God, placed to the human beings over the good and of the evil. Heirs of the Russian formalistas and the Circle of the Prague, the first estructuralismo, in the linguistic one and the critic, and later the concretismo, in Literature, aspired to make of the language an instrument of autonomy, independent of the substance of the content of its accomplishments, first, and of the economic-political-social surroundings where one takes place, the second. By this way, diverse pendular readings between the form from the expression and the form of the content have arisen. We thought that these accomplishments that have taken place at moments as the mentioned ones do not stop never appearing in the context of our present reference. And it must to that, we thought, represent the eternal speculation on the asepsis of the art, referred in our inscription. Nevertheless, like new fnix, the creative phenomenon of our republics, like such, has had in the narrative its better form of expression.